In a report by Michelle Yin and Dahlia Shaewitz posted by American Institutes for Research, we learn that while there have been numerous federal policies put in place since the mid-1970’s that were intended to increase employment of individuals with disabilities, the labor market outcomes for people with disabilities has not improved.
Yin and Shaewitz state that if we want to see a change, then federal policy cannot continue to treat people with disabilities as one group but rather need to break it down to more directly address each different group.
From 2001-2014 the percentage of people participating in the labor force with disabilities has actually decreased from 25% to only 14%, despite federal policies.
This can be broken down further by disability type – see graphical representation below:
There are state by state differences, which Yin and Shaewitz claim should be taken into consideration and states with areas in which they excel at employing individuals with that particular disability category should share information on how they are able to be successful.
The full video is below: